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Julien Goldstein/IFRC

Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It can kill within hours if left untreated.
  • Up to 80% of cases can be successfully treated with oral rehydration salts.
  • Effective control measures rely on prevention, preparedness and response.
  • Provision of safe water and sanitation is critical in reducing the impact of cholera and other waterborne diseases.
  • Oral cholera vaccines are considered an additional means to control cholera, but should not replace conventional control measures.
  • More information can be found on the WHO website on Cholera

Cholera Response Guidelines

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Cholera Outbreak Guidelines: Preparedness, prevention and control

This practical field guide brings together lessons learned from Oxfam’s past interventions in the prevention and control of cholera, and other related guidance. The aim is to provide a quick, step-by-step guide to inform cholera outbreak interventions and ensure public health programmes that are rapid, community-based, well-tailored, and gender and diversity aware. Published in August, 2012.
Available in:

Cholera toolkit UNICEF UNICEF cholera resources

ARCHI toolkit for Red Cross/Red Crescent volunteers is available in English, French, and Portuguese

Cholera outbreak: assessing the outbreak response and improving preparedness

This WHO document offers a framework for the assessment of a cholera outbreak response, which will help to:
  • provide a comprehensive overview of the outbreak response;
  • pinpoint the main strengths and weaknesses of the response;
  • improve preparedness for and response for future outbreaks;
  • provide accurate recommendations based on WHO official guidelines.
It is available in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Swahili, and Portuguese.

WASH Cluster Cholera Training Package (Four days)

More Information

IFRC Information guide on preparation and intervention in the event of epidemics: Cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases. Guidelines for National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in English and French