Federation, in consortium with WASTE and Oxfam GB, announces
securing a two year grant from USAID to develop new equipment for sanitation activities in emergencies.
One of the clearest lessons we took from the Haiti earthquake response was that we were not fully prepared to respond to sanitation needs in the urban context. Since then we have worked to improve this capacity across the range of our emergency response tools. This primarily has takes the form of:
  • Improved WatSan emergency response training
  • Improving the skills of Red Cross Red Crescent Volunteers involved in National and Regional Disaster Response Teams (NDRT/RDRT), Emergency Response Units (ERUs), and FACT.
  • Working with the private sector to improve the equipment that our response teams uses in sanitation
To further strengthen this process, the Federation, in consortium with WASTE and Oxfam GB, is pleased to announce that we have secured a two year grant from USAID to develop new equipment for sanitation activities in emergencies.
The grant funds the design and field testing of equipment for a variety of sanitation equipment needs.
  • Results will be patent free and widely shared (as well as included in our Emergency Relief Items Catalogue).
  • We believe this will increase the capacity and flexibility of the entire WatSan sector to provide sanitation in emergencies, particularly in the urban context
  • The Federation will focus on the areas of desludging, sludge treatment and disposal, and hand washing.
  • The sponsoring of student design contests is included in the grant.
Several NSs have begun planning to develop similar equipment, particularly for ERUs, and we see excellent opportunities to coordinate our efforts and work in partnership. Emergency sanitation is a complicated, and previously much neglected, topic.

getting.the.balance.right.jpgLaunch of the IFRC sanitation advocacy report

The IFRC calls on governments, donors, and communities to get the balance right between
action on sanitation and on water.
• Sanitation activities should be at least as well funded as water supply, and we believe this
balance in funding can be achieved by 2015 so that the next global push for universal access
to water and sanitation will focus equally on both aspects.
• Communities in rural areas and urban settlements must be empowered to increase their
resilience through access to safe water, improved sanitation and effective hygiene promotion.
• No one government, donor or community can do this alone, so strategic partnerships must
be established and nurtured.
• As auxiliaries to their governments, national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies must
bridge the gap between government and communities.

Sanitation in the RC/RC Movement

Julien Goldstein
IFRC is currently a member of a multi-agency consortium looking for new solutions in sanitation. The first report on Identifying gaps in emergency sanitation: Design of new kits to increase effectiveness in emergencies is available. More information and presentations from the sanitation workshop can be found by clicking here

Summary Report: Asia Pacific Zone Sanitation Workshop (2012)

Rapid Latrines

IFRC Rapid latrine powerpoint presentation
German RC Rapid Latrine BoQ latrine
German RC Assembly rapid latrine
German RC Assembly rapid latrine-detailed

Maldives Solid Waste Manual

Haiti Sanitation Experience

Haiti Sanitation and Dewats Documents

Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)
CLTS in Red Cross - Discussion paper - final
Policy Lessons from Implementing India’s Total Sanitation Campaign (Dean Spears)
CLTS Field Guideline from French Red Cross Experience in Cambodia, French Red Cross, March 2010

CLTS.jpgHandbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation

A handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) to enable communities to analyse their sanitation conditions and collectively understand the impact of open defecation on public health and their environment.

Sanitation guidelines and tools





Toilet terminology for surveys
Excreta disposal in emergencies: A field guide
Training: Excreta disposal
Reuse of sewage in agriculture and aquaculture
Disposal of dead bodies in emergency situations
Disposal of dead bodies in emergency training
Compostine latrines
Excreta disposal options
Septic tanks
Emergency sanitation planning
Pour flush latrines
Sewerage and sewage treatments
Emergency sanitation planning-technical options
Simple pit latrines
Sanitation in hospitals and health centers
Overview of available desludging systems
Solid waste management in emergencies
VIP and ROEC latrines
Solid waste disposal

WEDC Emergency sanitation assessment and programme design guide and technical brief
SIDA Ecological sanitation in English, Spanish, French

Open air defecation and latrines
UNDP Closing the loop: Ecological sanitation and food security

Sanitation in public places

Related Links

EcoSan at IRC Sanitation Centre
EcoSan Res
Sanitation Updates